česky  čs
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Theory of ICE and Simulation (E211173)
Departments:ústav autom.,sp.motorů a kolej.voz. (12120)
Abbreviation:TICEApproved:23.03.2015
Valid until: ??Range:4+1
Semestr:ZCredits:5
Completion:Z,ZKLanguage:EN
Annotation
Theoretical description of internal combustion engine (ICE) is presented - description of important physical phenomena including their mathematical models.
Teacher's
Ing. Marcel Diviš Ph.D.
Zimní 2019/2020
doc. Ing. Oldřich Vítek Ph.D.
Zimní 2019/2020
doc. Ing. Oldřich Vítek Ph.D.
Zimní 2018/2019
doc. Ing. Oldřich Vítek Ph.D.
Zimní 2017/2018
doc. Ing. Oldřich Vítek Ph.D.
Zimní 2016/2017
Structure
. Basic conservation laws - mass, momentum and energy.
. Basics of ICE combustion - laminar/turbulent flame, physical/chemical induction time.
. Application of thermodynamic laws to combustion case - 1st law of thermodynamics, "chemical" enthalpy and lower heating value of fuel, adiabatic flame temperature. Basics of combustion chemistry - equilibrium, kinetics.
. Chained chemical reactions, chemical mechanism of hydrogen/hydrocarbon, introduction to pollutant production in ICE.
. Combustion in ICE - time evolution (rate of heat release), different combustion systems (SI, CI, HCCI, CAI, PCI, etc).
. In-cylinder turbulence and its influence on in-cylinder transport processes.
. SI engine combustion - rate of heat release (ROHR), turbulent flame structure, influence of turbulence, thermodynamic analysis (single/multi-zone model), mixture ignition, influence of ROHR on ICE thermodynamic cycle (including cyclic variations), incorrect combustion modes (knocking, incomplete combustion, etc.), limits of stable ICE operation.
. CI engine combustion - high-pressure fuel injection, combustible mixture formation, fuel jet time evolution, fuel drops (size distribution, SMD, time decay, evaporation), fuel jet interaction with walls and with in-cylinder large-scale flow strucutre(s), ROHR, influence on ICE thermodynamic cycle.
. Homogeneous combustion (HCCI), CAI, etc. - general properties, advantages/disadvantages, simplified description.
. Pollutant production in ICE - pollutant formation of general point of view, specifics of different combustion systems (SI, CI, etc.), NOx formation in SI engine (Zeldovich model), CO formation, unburnt hydrocarbons formation, estimate of exhaust gas composition.
. Energy fluxes in ICE - heat transfer (Woschni, Eichelberg), detailed thermodynamic analysis, warm-up of exhaust manifold. Mechanical losses in ICE - mechanical efficiency, simplified models.
. Gas exchange process - 2-sroke/4-stroke ICE, large-scale in-cylinder flow structures, properties of intake/exhaust ports, combustion chamber geometry shape - SI/CI engines.
Structure of tutorial
. Basic training of 0-D/1-D CFD simulation tool (GT-Suite/GT-Power).
Literarture
. Heywood, J.B.: Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. McGraw-Hill, London, England. 1988. ISBN 0-07-028637-X.
. Wilcox, D. C.: Turbulence Modeling for CFD. DCW Industries, Inc., California, 1993.
. PPT presentation - it contains important equations and diagrams related to main topics - it is located on server https://studium.fs.cvut.cz/studium/u12120/
Requirements
. Knowledge of thermodynamics, basics of internal combustion engines including turbocharging and cooling.
. Successful completion of exams from Internal Combustion Engines (or equivalent from partner university).
Keywords
Internal combustion engine, thermodynamics, combustion, mixture formation, emissions
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