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Biofuels and Bioproducts from Wastes (E183009)
Katedra:ústav procesní a zpracov. techniky (12118)
Zkratka:BBWSchválen:25.04.2017
Platí do: ??Rozsah:0P+2C
Semestr:Kredity:2
Zakončení:ZJazyk výuky:EN
Anotace
The aim of this course is to acquaint students with promising technologies of production of alternative energy sources (biomethane, biohydrogen) and valuable substances as raw materials for production of eco-innovative materials (bioplastics, composite materials) from waste biomass like agricultural, food, industrial and biodegradable municipal wastes.
Osnova
1. Overview of waste biomass, bioproducts, biofuels, technological potential of biomass
2. Conversion factors waste to bioproducts, pretreatment of wastes
3. Wet anaerobic fermentation ? principle, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
4. Dry anaerobic fermentation ? principle, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
5. Aerobic fermentation ? principle, products, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
6. Composting ? principle, products, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
7. Biochar and pyrolysis ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
8. Biooil, biocrude oil, biodiesel ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
9. Gasification and combustion ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
10. Algae and its potential ? principle of cultivation, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, reactors
11. Substances with a high-added value ? overview of bioproducts, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
12. Production of bioplastics using enzymes, fungi and molds ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
13. Legislation, risk operations, environmental impact, recycling, future of biofuels and bioproducts
Osnova cvičení
1. Overview of waste biomass, bioproducts, biofuels, technological potential of biomass
2. Conversion factors waste to bioproducts, pretreatment of wastes
3. Wet anaerobic fermentation ? principle, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
4. Dry anaerobic fermentation ? principle, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
5. Aerobic fermentation ? principle, products, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
6. Composting ? principle, products, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
7. Biochar and pyrolysis ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
8. Biooil, biocrude oil, biodiesel ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
9. Gasification and combustion ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
10. Algae and its potential ? principle of cultivation, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, reactors
11. Substances with a high-added value ? overview of bioproducts, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
12. Production of bioplastics using enzymes, fungi and molds ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment
13. Legislation, risk operations, environmental impact, recycling, future of biofuels and bioproducts
Literatura
1. Wyman, CH.E. Aqueous pretreatment of plant biomass for biological and chemical conversion to fuels and chemicals. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, 2013, ISBN 978-0470972021.

2. Lee, S., Shah, Y.T. Biofuels and Bioenergy: Processes and Technologies. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2013, ISBN 978-1-4200-8955-4.

3. Nang, A. Biofuels refining and performance. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008, ISBN 978-0-07-148970-6.

4. Dorowitzka, M.A., Moheimani, N.R. Algae for Biofuels and Energy. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013, ISBN 978-94-007-5478-2.

5. Pila, S.: Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications. Wiley-Scrivener Publishing House, Salem, 1st Edition, 2012, ISBN 978-0-470-62607-8.

6. Newton, A.C., Cantarello, E. An introduction to the greeen economy: Science, systems, sustainability. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, 2014, ISBN 978-0-415-71160-9.
Požadavky
mandatory attendance of seminars; elaborating and presentation of semestrial paper of a selected topic
Klíčová slova
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