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Physics - Selected Topics (E021010)
Departments:ústav fyziky (12102)
Abbreviation:VSFENApproved:19.04.2022
Valid until: ??Range:2P+2C+0L
Semestr:Credits:4
Completion:Z,ZKLanguage:EN
Annotation
The subject gives students a deeper and wider knowledge of selected parts of fundamental physics courses with respect to usage of physical phenomena in technological applications (for example lasers, electron beams, roentgen diffraction, thermophysical properties of matter). Students can achieve and deepen their knowledge in solid state physics, liquids and they will be acquainted with modern method of diagnostics of their properties. The subject professionally profile students for a physical topics in a future study program Applied sciences in Mechanical Engineering.
Structure
Crystalline, polycrystalline, amorphous, metallic glasses.
Solid, crystal structure, crystallographic systems, bonds in solids.
Oscillations of atoms, phonons, one-dimensional lattice model, thermal properties of solids.
Electrical conductivity of metals, Sommerfeld model, application to photoelectric effect.
Photoelectric effect, X-rays, X-ray diffraction on crystals, Bragg's equation.
Use of X-ray diffraction for phase analysis of crystalline substances.
Basic theory of lasers, absorption, emission, population inversion, types of lasers, applications.
Interaction of accelerated ions with solids, precipitation parameter, effective cross section, braking processes.
Use of accelerated ions in technical applications, ion implantation.
Diffusion mechanisms, radiation-stimulated diffusion.
Discharge in gases, plasma, interaction of plasma with the surface of a solid
Plasma in technological applications for materials processing
Plasma technologies for surface treatment
Literarture
Young, H.D., Freedman, R.A.: Sears and Zemansky' University Physics, 10th edition, Addison-Wesley, 2000
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