Biomechanics for Bachelors (E241068)

Katedra: | odbor biomechaniky () | ||

Zkratka: | BB | Schválen: | 12.06.2019 |

Platí do: | ?? | Rozsah: | 2P+2C |

Semestr: | Kredity: | 3 | |

Zakončení: | Z,ZK | Jazyk výuky: | EN |

Anotace

Biomechanics I follows the courses of Mechanics III Alpha and Flexibility and Strength II Alpha and extends the knowledge gained here and applies it to solving the problems of mechanics of living materials or materials with living reactive materials. The basis is the understanding of the relationship between structure and function of individual tissues of human organism

Osnova

• Definition of biomechanics, division of biomechanics, history of biomechanics, methods of biomechanics, Biomechanics of bone I: anatomy and histology, mechanical properties, description of bone as elastic material

• Biomechanics of bone II: mathematical model of bone, constitutive equation of bone - orthotropy, criteria of bone damage, change of mechanical parameters by age, Biomechanics of bone III: modeling, remodeling, cellular basis of remodeling

• Biomechanics of bone IV: mathematical model of remodeling, phenomenological models, Biomechanics of ligament I: ligament anatomy and histology, mechanical properties - creep and stress relaxation, change of mechanical parameters by age

• Biomechanics of ligament II: introduction to rheology, basic rheological models of ligament, viscoelasticity, derivation of basic models, storage and loss modulus, Biomechanics of cartilage I: anatomy and histology of cartilage, mechanical properties of cartilage - poroelastic material, Biot theory of poroelasticity

• Biomechanics of cartilage II: poroelasticity, effective stress, 1D problem of poroelasticity, consolidation, Biomechanics of blood circulation: brief anatomy and physiology, function and composition of blood, transport in elastic vessels, transport in microcirculation, measuring methods in clinic, blood rheology

• Biomechanics of the heart and vessels I: the structure of the heart and vessels with respect to mechanical conditions, Biomechanics of the heart and vessels II: mechanical properties and their conditionality by the internal structure: non-linearity, anisotropy, viscoelasticity

• Biomechanics of bone II: mathematical model of bone, constitutive equation of bone - orthotropy, criteria of bone damage, change of mechanical parameters by age, Biomechanics of bone III: modeling, remodeling, cellular basis of remodeling

• Biomechanics of bone IV: mathematical model of remodeling, phenomenological models, Biomechanics of ligament I: ligament anatomy and histology, mechanical properties - creep and stress relaxation, change of mechanical parameters by age

• Biomechanics of ligament II: introduction to rheology, basic rheological models of ligament, viscoelasticity, derivation of basic models, storage and loss modulus, Biomechanics of cartilage I: anatomy and histology of cartilage, mechanical properties of cartilage - poroelastic material, Biot theory of poroelasticity

• Biomechanics of cartilage II: poroelasticity, effective stress, 1D problem of poroelasticity, consolidation, Biomechanics of blood circulation: brief anatomy and physiology, function and composition of blood, transport in elastic vessels, transport in microcirculation, measuring methods in clinic, blood rheology

• Biomechanics of the heart and vessels I: the structure of the heart and vessels with respect to mechanical conditions, Biomechanics of the heart and vessels II: mechanical properties and their conditionality by the internal structure: non-linearity, anisotropy, viscoelasticity

Osnova cvičení

• Definition of biomechanics, division of biomechanics, history of biomechanics, methods of biomechanics

• Biomechanics of bone I: anatomy and histology, mechanical properties, description of bone as elastic material

• Biomechanics of bone II: mathematical model of bone, constitutive equation of bone - orthotropy, criteria of bone damage, change of mechanical parameters by age

• Biomechanics of bone III: modeling, remodeling, cellular basis of remodeling

• Biomechanics of bone IV: mathematical model of remodeling, phenomenological models

• Biomechanics of ligament I: ligament anatomy and histology, mechanical properties - creep and stress relaxation, change of mechanical parameters by age

• Biomechanics of ligament II: introduction to rheology, basic rheological models of ligament, viscoelasticity, derivation of basic models, storage and loss modulus

• Biomechanics of cartilage I: anatomy and histology of cartilage, mechanical properties of cartilage - poroelastic material, Biot theory of poroelasticity

• Biomechanics of cartilage II: poroelasticity, effective stress, 1D problem of poroelasticity, consolidation

• Biomechanics of blood circulation: brief anatomy and physiology, function and composition of blood, transport in elastic vessels, transport in microcirculation, measuring methods in clinic, blood rheology

• Biomechanics of the heart and vessels I: the structure of the heart and vessels with respect to mechanical conditions

• Biomechanics of the heart and vessels II: mechanical properties and their conditionality by the internal structure: non-linearity, anisotropy, viscoelasticity

• Biomechanics of the Heart and Vessels III: Description of Stress and Deformation Considering Nonlinear and Anisotropic Behavior of Vessels

• Biomechanics of bone I: anatomy and histology, mechanical properties, description of bone as elastic material

• Biomechanics of bone II: mathematical model of bone, constitutive equation of bone - orthotropy, criteria of bone damage, change of mechanical parameters by age

• Biomechanics of bone III: modeling, remodeling, cellular basis of remodeling

• Biomechanics of bone IV: mathematical model of remodeling, phenomenological models

• Biomechanics of ligament I: ligament anatomy and histology, mechanical properties - creep and stress relaxation, change of mechanical parameters by age

• Biomechanics of ligament II: introduction to rheology, basic rheological models of ligament, viscoelasticity, derivation of basic models, storage and loss modulus

• Biomechanics of cartilage I: anatomy and histology of cartilage, mechanical properties of cartilage - poroelastic material, Biot theory of poroelasticity

• Biomechanics of cartilage II: poroelasticity, effective stress, 1D problem of poroelasticity, consolidation

• Biomechanics of blood circulation: brief anatomy and physiology, function and composition of blood, transport in elastic vessels, transport in microcirculation, measuring methods in clinic, blood rheology

• Biomechanics of the heart and vessels I: the structure of the heart and vessels with respect to mechanical conditions

• Biomechanics of the heart and vessels II: mechanical properties and their conditionality by the internal structure: non-linearity, anisotropy, viscoelasticity

• Biomechanics of the Heart and Vessels III: Description of Stress and Deformation Considering Nonlinear and Anisotropic Behavior of Vessels

Literatura

• Hoskins, Peter R; Lawford, Patricia V; Doyle, Barry J. Cardiovascular Biomechanics, 2017.

• JOHN D. CURREY. Bones: Structure and Mechanics, 2013

• Oomens, C. W. J; Brekelmans, Marcel; Loerakker, Sandra; et al..Biomechanics: concepts and computation. Cambridge texts in biomedical engineering, Second edition, 2018.

• JOHN D. CURREY. Bones: Structure and Mechanics, 2013

• Oomens, C. W. J; Brekelmans, Marcel; Loerakker, Sandra; et al..Biomechanics: concepts and computation. Cambridge texts in biomedical engineering, Second edition, 2018.

Klíčová slova

History of Biomechanics, Bone, Anatomy, Histology, Blood